keep


keep
keep1 W1S1 [ki:p] v past tense and past participle kept [kept]
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1¦(not change)¦
2¦(continue doing something)¦
3¦(not give back)¦
4¦(not lose)¦
5¦(store something)¦
6¦(make somebody stay in a place)¦
7¦(delay somebody)¦
8¦(do what you promised)¦
9 keep a secret
10 keep something quiet/keep quiet (about something)
11 keep a record/account/diary etc
12 keep going
13¦(food)¦
14¦(animals)¦
15¦(stop other people from using something)¦
16 keep somebody waiting
17 keep guard/watch
18¦(shop)¦
19¦(provide somebody with things)¦
20¦(protect)¦
21 keep goal/wicket
22 keep quiet
23 how are you keeping?
24 keep your hair/shirt on!
25 somebody can keep something
26 it'll keep
Phrasal verbs
 keep at something
 keep back
 keep somebody/something<=>down
 keep from something
 keep somebody in
 keep in with somebody
 keep off
 keep on
 keep to something
 keep up
 keep up with somebody
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[: Old English; Origin: cepan]
1.) ¦(NOT CHANGE)¦ [linking verb, T]
to stay in a particular state, condition, or position, or to make someone or something do this
keep (sb/sth) warm/safe/dry etc
We huddled around the fire to keep warm.
keep calm/awake/sane etc
I was struggling to keep awake.
keep sth clean/tidy
Keep your room tidy.
keep sb busy/amused/occupied
some toys to keep the kids amused
You won't be able to keep it secret for ever.
Peter cycles to work to keep fit .
Don't keep us in suspense any longer!
keep (sb/sth) away/back/off/out etc
The police put up barriers to keep the crowds back.
If I were you, I'd keep away from that area at night.
a sign saying 'Danger: Keep out'
The little boy kept close to his mother.
keep (sb) out of sth
Keep him out of trouble.
You keep out of this, Mother (=do not get involved) . It's no concern of yours.
How can I cut your hair if you won't keep still !
keep left/right
(=stay to the left or right of a path or road as you move) keep sb/sth doing sth
Jane kept the engine running.
2.) ¦(CONTINUE DOING SOMETHING)¦ also keep on
to continue doing something or to do the same thing many times
keep (on) doing sth
I keep thinking about Joe, all alone in that place.
I keep telling you, but you won't listen!
She pretended not to hear, and kept on walking.
3.) ¦(NOT GIVE BACK)¦ [T]
to have something and not give it back to the person who had it before
You can keep it. I don't need it any more.
4.) ¦(NOT LOSE)¦ [T]
to continue to have something and not lose it or get rid of it
We decided to keep our old car instead of selling it.
I kept his letters for years.
In spite of everything, Robyn's managed to keep her sense of humor.
5.) ¦(STORE SOMETHING)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to leave something in one particular place so that you can find it easily
Where do you keep your tea bags?
George kept a bottle of whiskey under his bed.
6.) ¦(MAKE SOMEBODY STAY IN A PLACE)¦ [T always + adverb preposition]
to make someone stay in a place, especially a prison or hospital
He was kept in prison for a week without charge.
7.) ¦(DELAY SOMEBODY)¦ [T]
to delay someone
He should be here by now. What's keeping him?
8.) ¦(DO WHAT YOU PROMISED)¦ [T]
to do what you have promised or agreed to do
keep your word/promise
How do I know you'll keep your word?
patients who fail to keep their appointments
9.) keep a secret
to not tell anyone about a secret that you know
Can I trust you to keep a secret?
10.) keep sth quiet/keep quiet (about sth)
to not say anything in order to avoid telling a secret or causing problems
11.) keep a record/account/diary etc
to regularly record written information somewhere
12.) keep going
a) keep (sb) going
to have or to give someone enough hope and emotional strength to continue living and doing things, in a bad situation
That woman's been through such a lot - I don't know how she keeps going.
Her letters were the only thing that kept me going while I was in prison.
b) keep (sth) going
if you keep a business, institution, regular event etc going, you keep it open or make it continue to happen
The library costs £5 million a year to run, and the council can't afford to keep it going.
c) keep going
to continue doing something difficult
Persevere and keep going until you reach your ideal weight.
d) keep sb going
if something keeps you going, it is enough to satisfy your need while you are waiting to get something bigger or better
I'll have a biscuit to keep me going until dinner time.
13.) ¦(FOOD)¦ [I]
if food keeps, it stays fresh enough to be eaten
Eat the salmon because it won't keep till tomorrow.
14.) ¦(ANIMALS)¦ [T]
to own and look after animals
We keep chickens and a couple of pigs.
15.) ¦(STOP OTHER PEOPLE FROM USING SOMETHING)¦ [T]
to stop other people from using something, so that it is available for someone
= ↑save
Will you keep a seat for me?
16.) keep sb waiting
to make someone wait before you meet them or see them
Sorry to keep you waiting - I got stuck in a meeting.
17.) keep guard/watch
to guard a place or watch around you all the time
18.) ¦(SHOP)¦ [T]
[i]BrE old-fashioned to own a small business and work in it
19.) ¦(PROVIDE SOMEBODY WITH THINGS)¦ [T]
to provide someone with money, food etc
He did not earn enough to keep a wife and children.
keep sb in sth
There's enough money there to keep you in champagne for a year!
20.)¦(PROTECT)¦ [T] formal
to guard or protect someone
The Lord bless you and keep you.
His only thought was to keep the child from harm .
21.) keep goal/wicket
to be the player in a team whose job is to protect the ↑goal or ↑wicket
22.) spoken keep quiet
used to tell someone not to say anything or make any noise
Keep quiet! I'm trying to watch the game.
23.) spoken how are you keeping?
used to ask if someone is well
'Hi, Mark! How are you keeping?' 'Oh, not so bad.'
24.) spoken keep your hair/shirt on!
used to tell someone to be more calm, patient etc
25.) spoken sb can keep sth
used to say that you do not want or are not interested in something
She can keep her wild parties and posh friends - I like the quiet life.
26.) spoken it'll keep
used to say that you can tell someone something or do something later
'I don't have time to listen now.' 'Don't worry, it'll keep.'
keep at [keep at sth] phr v
1.) spoken to continue to do something, although it is difficult or hard work
I know it's hard, but keep at it! Don't give up!
2.) keep sb at sth
to force someone to continue to work hard and not let them stop
keep back phr v
1.) keep sth back
to deliberately not tell someone all that you know about something
I got the feeling he was keeping something back.
2.) keep sth<=>back
to not show your feelings, even though you want to very much
She was struggling to keep back the tears .
3.) keep sb<=>back
to prevent someone from being as successful as they could be
= ↑hold back
Fear and stereotypes have kept women back for centuries.
4.) keep sth<=>back
especially BrE to not give or pay something that you were going to give
They kept back some of his wages to pay for the damage.
keep down [keep sb/sth<=>down] phr v
1.) to prevent the size, cost, or quantity of something from increasing or being too great
We need to keep costs down.
2.) to succeed in keeping food in your stomach, instead of bringing it up again out of your mouth, when you are ill
I could hardly keep anything down for about three days.
3.) used to ask someone to make less noise
Keep your voice down - she'll hear you!
Can you keep it down - I'm trying to work.
4.) to prevent a group of people from becoming as successful and powerful as the other people in a society
Plantation owners kept slaves down by refusing them an education.
keep from [keep from sth] phr v
1.) keep (sb/sth) from sth
to prevent someone from doing something or prevent something from happening
keep sb from (doing) sth
His ex-wife had kept him from seeing his children.
I hope I haven't kept you from your work.
keep sth from doing sth
Put the pizza in the bottom of the oven to keep the cheese from burning.
keep (yourself) from doing sth
The play was so boring, I could hardly keep myself from falling asleep.
2.) keep sth from sb
to prevent someone from knowing something, by deliberately not telling them about it
The government had wanted to keep this information from the public.
keep in [keep sb in] phr v
1.) to make someone stay in hospital because they are too ill to go home
They kept her in overnight for observation.
2.) BrE to force someone to stay inside, especially as a punishment in school
keep in with [keep in with sb] phr v
to try to stay friendly with someone, especially because this helps you
It's always a good idea to keep in with the boss.
keep off phr v
1.) keep sth<=>off
to prevent something from touching or harming something
She held an old piece of cloth over them both to keep the rain off.
keep sth off sth
How are we going to keep the flies off this food?
2.) keep your hands off sb/sth
used to tell someone not to touch someone or something
Keep your hands off me!
3.) keep (sb) off sth
to not eat, drink, or take something that is bad for you, or to stop someone else from eating, drinking, or taking it
Keep off fatty foods.
a programme aimed at keeping teenagers off drugs
4.) keep off sth
especially BrE to avoid talking about a particular subject, especially so that you do not upset someone
= ↑avoid, stay off ↑stay off
5.) keep sth<=>off
if you keep weight off, you do not get heavier again after you have lost weight
6.) BrE if rain keeps off, it does not fall
keep on phr v
1.) to continue doing something, or to do something many times
keep on doing sth
You just have to keep on trying.
2.) keep sb<=>on
to continue to employ someone, especially for longer than you had planned
If you're good they might keep you on after Christmas.
3.) BrE informal to talk continuously about something or repeat something many times, in a way that is annoying
= ↑go on keep on about
There's no need to keep on and on about it!
keep on at
If I didn't keep on at the children, they'd never do their homework.
keep to [keep to sth] phr v
1.) to stay on a particular road, course, piece of ground etc
It's best to keep to the paths.
2.) to do what has been decided in an agreement or plan, or what is demanded by law
Keep to the speed limits.
3.) keep to the point/subject etc
to talk or write only about the subject you are supposed to be talking about
4.) keep sth to sth
to prevent an amount, degree, or level from becoming higher than it should
Costs must be kept to a minimum .
5.) keep sth to yourself
to not tell anyone about something
I'd appreciate it if you kept it to yourself.
6.) keep to yourself also keep yourself to yourself BrE
to live a very quiet private life and not do many things that involve other people
keep up phr v
1.) keep sth<=>up
to continue doing something
I don't think I can keep this up any longer.
keep up the good work!
(=continue to work hard and well)
2.) if a situation keeps up, it continues without stopping or changing
How long can the economic boom keep up?
3.) to go as quickly as someone else
keep up with
I had to walk fast to keep up with him.
4.) to manage to do as much or as well as other people
≠ ↑fall behind keep up with
Jack's having trouble keeping up with the rest of the class.
keep up with the Joneses
(=try to have the same new, impressive possessions that other people have)
5.) to continue to read and learn about a particular subject, so that you always know about the most recent facts, products etc
keep up with
Employees need to keep up with the latest technical developments.
6.) keep sth<=>up
to make something continue at its present level or amount, instead of letting it decrease
NATO kept up the pressure on the Serbs to get out of Kosovo.
7.) if one process keeps up with another, it increases at the same speed and by the same amount
keep up with
Food production is not keeping up with population growth.
8.) keep sth<=>up
to continue to practise a skill so that you do not lose it
I used to speak French, but I haven't kept it up.
9.) keep sb up informal
to prevent someone from going to bed
I hope I'm not keeping you up.
10.) keep your spirits/strength/morale etc up
to stay happy, strong, confident etc, by making an effort
We sang as we marched, to keep our spirits up.
11.) keep up appearances
to pretend that everything in your life is normal and happy even though you are in trouble, especially financial trouble
keep up with [keep up with sb] phr v
to write to, telephone, or meet a friend regularly, so that you do not forget each other
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HINT sense 2
Do not say 'keep up' doing something. Say keep doing something or keep on doing something.
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keep 2
keep2 n
1.) sb's keep
the cost of providing food and a home for someone
earn your keep
(=do things in return for the things that are provided for you)
It's time you got a job and started earning your keep.
2.) for keeps informal
for ever
Marriage ought to be for keeps.
3.)
a large strong tower, usually in the centre of a castle

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Keep — (k[=e]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Kept} (k[e^]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Keeping}.] [OE. k[=e]pen, AS. c[=e]pan to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.] 1. To care; to desire. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — [kiːp] verb kept PTandPP [kept] 1. [transitive] to store something that will be useful: • The Credit Reference Agency keeps files on individuals debt records. • You should keep a supply of forms. 2 …   Financial and business terms

  • Keep — Keep, v. i. 1. To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — vb 1 Keep, observe, celebrate, solemnize, commemorate are comparable when they mean to pay proper attention or honor to something prescribed, obligatory, or demanded (as by one s nationality, religion, or rank), but they vary widely in their… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • keep — [kēp] vt. kept, keeping [ME kepen < OE cœpan, to behold, watch out for, lay hold of, akin to MLowG kapen, ON kopa, to stare at < ? IE base * ĝab , to look at or for] 1. to observe or pay regard to; specif., a) to observe with due or… …   English World dictionary

  • keep — ► VERB (past and past part. kept) 1) have or retain possession of. 2) retain or reserve for use in the future. 3) put or store in a regular place. 4) (of a perishable commodity) remain in good condition. 5) continue in a specified condition,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Keep — Keep, n. 1. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Pan, thou god of shepherds all, Which of our tender lambkins takest keep. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being kept; hence, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — keep; green·keep·er; house·keep; house·keep·er; keep·able; keep·er·ing; keep·er·ship; keep·sake; store·keep; keep·er; …   English syllables

  • Keep — 〈f. 20; Seemannsspr.〉 Kerbe, Rille * * * Keep, die; , en [aus dem Niederd. < mniederd. kēp, wohl verw. mit ↑ kappen] (Seemannsspr.): Rille, Kerbe (in einer Boje, einem Block, Mast o. Ä.), die einem darumgelegten Tau Halt gibt. * * * I Keep   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • keep — I (continue) verb be constant, be steadfast, carry forward, carry on, endure, extend, forge ahead, go on, keep going, last, lengthen, live on, maintain, move ahead, never cease, perpetuate, perseverare, persevere, persist, press onward, progress …   Law dictionary

  • keep — The construction keep + object + from + ing verb is idiomatic in current English: • His hands held flat over his ears as if to keep his whole head from flying apart Martin Amis, 1978. The intransitive use of keep + from + ing verb is recorded in… …   Modern English usage


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